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Revelation 1:1-5
An introduction to the Revelation of Jesus Christ
By Brother Mike (11-13-18; 50 minutes)



1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified [it] by his angel unto his servant John :
2
Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw .
3 Blessed [is] he that reads, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time [is] at hand .
4
John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace [be] unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne ;
5 And from Jesus Christ, [who is] the faithful witness, [and] the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood . . .


INTRODUCTION

In Revelation 1:1-5 we have an introduction to the revelation of Jesus Christ. In this introduction, we find that the apostle John was given this revelation of Jesus Christ in symbolism through an angel to show unto Christ's servants things which must shortly come to pass, and John testified to the Word of God, and the testimony of Jesus Christ, and to all things that he saw.

Then, we are told that the one who reads, and the ones that hear the words of this prophecy of the revelation of Jesus Christ, and keep the things written therein are blessed. And, why are the ones who read, hear, and keep the things written in this prophecy blessed? Well, because the time is at hand or near.

Now, in this revelation of Jesus Christ, John writes to the seven churches in Asia. To them, he says, Grace [be] unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne; and from Jesus Christ, [who is] the faithful witness, [and] the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. What do all these things mean? Who are the seven churches in Asia? And, what does grace and peace to them mean? And, who are the seven Spirits before God's thrown? And, what does it mean that Jesus is the faithful witness, the first begotten from the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth? Who are the kings of the earth?

The answer to these questions and more can be found in the following study. May our Lord, Jesus Christ, now reveal to each one of us what He would have us to know, amen. 


Revelation 1:1
:

1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John ...

In this verse, we first read, The Revelation of Jesus Christ. Literally, it reads, The uncovering of Jesus Christ, and, since the word Christ means anointed, it is the uncovering of Jesus, the anointed. The idea is that what this book of Revelation is about is the uncovering of Jesus, the anointed one. And, just as whatever is covered up becomes much clearer and better understood once it is uncovered, so also is the uncovering of Jesus, the anointed (the Christ), meant to make Jesus clearer and better understood. And, since Jesus Christ is the Word of God (John 1:14), what we are being told is that the book of Revelation is the uncovering of the Word of God, which is the making of the Word of God clearer and better understood. So, through our study of the book of Revelation, we should expect to gain a more clear or better understanding of the Word of God, Jesus Christ, and this should be enough to motivate anyone who loves Jesus Christ into serious study of the book of Revelation.

Now, our verse continues, the Revelation [uncovering] of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to show unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass. Of course, the one who God gave the Revelation of Jesus Christ to was the apostle John, and John wrote it down on a scroll that we now call the book of Revelation so that all God's servants throughout time could read it.

But, notice that it was given to John to show unto God's servants things which must shortly come to pass. Because of this, some have concluded that the book of Revelation is primarily a record of things that took place in the first century AD; otherwise, how could it be said to be a book of things which must shortly or swiftly come to pass. Yet, such an understanding fails to see that certain events which did take place in the first century were but a type or picture of spiritual things to come almost 2,000 years later, and, furthermore, this approximate 2,000 years after the book of Revelation was written can be considered a short or swift period of time when compared to the approximate 11,000 years of this earth's existence previous to the writing of the book of Revelation (see Biblical Timeline ). So, when we recognize that the approximate 2,000 years of history after the book of Revelation was written is a short time compared to the previous approximate 11,000 years of history before the book of Revelation was written, then we can better understand why God could say that the book of Revelation is a record of things that were to shortly come to pass, and, by shortly, He meant that the things of the book of Revelation would take place as we now know about 2,000 years after the book of Revelation was written.

Now, as we continue in our verse, we read, and he [God] sent and signified it [the Revelation of Jesus Christ] by His angel unto His servant John. More literally, it reads, and He [God], sending forth, symbolized it [the Revelation of Jesus Christ] through His angel unto His servant John. In other words, the uncovering of Jesus, the anointed, was symbolized to John through an angel. So, right from the beginning of the book of Revelation, we are told that what follows in the book is not to be taken literally, but it is written in signs or symbols which point to a deeper meaning than what appears on the surface. What literally appears on the surface is merely a sign or symbol of something else, and for us to understand what the book of Revelation is teaching, we must know what is being signified or symbolized by what we literally read. To discover this, we must look up words and phrases throughout the Bible to see how God defines them instead just taking them literally as has been the error of many who have attempted to understand the book of Revelation. We must let the Bible define its own words and phrases by letting it be its own dictionary so that words and phrases are looked up everywhere in the Bible to see how God uses and defines them instead of defining them according to the literal language and culture of the day. No, rather, we are to compare scripture with scripture; that is, spiritual things with spiritual in order to begin to understand what God teaches. As we read in 1Corinthians 2,   

12 Now we [those saved in Jesus Christ] have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God .
13
Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teaches, but which the Holy Ghost teaches; comparing spiritual things with spiritual

And, because God's law is spiritual (Romans 7:14), we are, therefore, being told to compare Holy Scripture with Holy Scripture, the law of God with the law of God, and to be looking for the spiritual meaning whereby we are taught by the Holy Spirit.

Now, before moving on to verse 2 of Revelation 1, we were told that the Apostle John was given the Revelation of Jesus Christ through an angel. This word angel can be translated as messenger as in a human messenger or any kind of messenger, celestial or not. But, in this case, since John was exiled on what seems to have been a desolate island where no other humans were present, this angel that signified unto John things that must shortly come to pass must have been a celestial angel. In fact, we will discover that this angel or messenger is Jesus Christ himself.  


Revelation 1:2

2 Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw .

Here, we first read, Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ. Of course, the one who bore record of the word of God and of the testimony of Jesus Christ was the apostle John. We might better translate it like this: Who [John] testified [witnessed] to the word of God, and to the testimony of Jesus Christ.

But, now, since the word of God is Jesus Christ (John 1:14), we can substitute Jesus Christ for the phrase, the word of God, in our translation, and, so, translate our verse like this: Who [John} testified to the word of God [Jesus Christ], and to the testimony of Jesus Christ. That is, John not only testified or witnessed to the person of Jesus Christ, but he also testified or witnessed to the testimony or witness of Jesus Christ. To put it even another way, John not only testified or witnessed to what he himself saw in the person of Jesus Christ, but he also testified or witnessed to the words that Jesus Christ himself spoke. Thus, John was witness to what he saw in Jesus as well as to what Jesus testified to. 

Then, finally, we are told that John not only testified to the testimony or witness of Jesus Christ, but, we read, and of all things that he saw. Literally, it does not read, and of all things that he saw, but simply, whatever he saw. So, in testifying to the testimony or witness of Jesus Christ, John testified to whatever he saw. Our verse reads like this:

2 Who testified to the word of God, and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, whatever he saw .  


Revelation 1:3
:  

3 Blessed is he that reads, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand .

In this verse, we first read, Blessed is he that reads, and they that hear the words of this prophecy. Since both the words reads and hear are in the present tense and active voice of the Greek language, our verse is saying, Blessed is he that continues to read, and they that continue to hear the words of this prophecy. Its not he that reads, and they that hear the words of this prophecy just once, or a few times, who are blessed, but it is he that ongoingly reads, and they that ongoingly hear the words of this prophecy who are blessed. This reminds me of something that Jesus said to His disciples. We read in John 8,  

Joh 8:31 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed . . .  

It is not just that we have read the word of God that makes us disciples, but that we have continued in His word that makes us His disciples. Therefore, those who are blessed are those who continue in the word of God. Many there are who have stayed in the word of God for a while, or at various times, but few there be who are continuing in the word of God. Yet, these ones who remain in the word of God are the disciples of Christ, and the ones who are blessed. And, so, also, is it with the book of Revelation: blessed are they who continue to read, and who continue to hear the words of this prophecy of the book of Revelation; these are Christ's disciples indeed.

But, not only is it he who continues to read, and they that continue to hear the words of this prophecy of the book of Revelation who are blessed, but they who ongoingly keep those things which are written therein are the ones who are blessed. Yes, once again, the word translated as keep is in the present tense and active voice of the Greek, which means it is those who continue to keep those things which are written therein in the book of Revelation who are blessed. So, it is he who continues to read, and they that continue to hear the words of this prophecy and continue to keep those things which are written therein who are blessed. And, why are such people blessed? Well, because these are the disciples of Christ indeed who have been granted everlasting life; not by their action of reading, and hearing, and keeping the word of God, but by the gift of God through the faith of Jesus Christ. As we read in Ephesians 2,

8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God :
9
Not of works, lest any man should boast .

And,

Tit 3:5    Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost . . .

Now, our verse ends by stating the reason why he who continues to read, and they that continue to hear the words of this prophecy and continue to keep the things which are written therein are blessed. So, why are they blessed? We read, for the time is at hand. That is, because the time for judgment and the end of the world is at hand, blessed is he that [continues to] read, and they that [continue to] hear the words of this prophecy, and [continue to] keep those things which are written therein because these are the children of God, and they will not be judged, but will be given eternal life in the new heaven and earth to be created on the Last Day. So, these are the blessed, for even though the time is at hand, they will not be harmed by it, but will be saved from the wrath to come.

But, when our verse says, for the time is at hand, must this mean that the book of Revelation primarily has to do with things that would take place in the first century AD? Absolutely not! For the time has been at hand ever since the first century. We read 1Peter 4,

1Pe 4:7 But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer .

So, in the first century when first Peter was written, the end of all things was already at hand or near, but, even so, the end of all things has not yet come even though it is now about 2,000 years later. Therefore, when our verse states, the time is at hand or near, it does not mean that the things in the book of Revelation were to be a description of things that took place in the first century AD although, as we will discover, things that took place in the first century AD were a type or picture of spiritual things which would take place within about 2,000 years later. For instance, we will find that the seven first century churches of Asia that are first mentioned in the next verse, and then described in chapters 2 and 3, are a type or picture of how all the churches would spiritually be throughout the Church Age from 33 AD to May 21, 1988. Therefore, we see literal things in the first century AD representing spiritual things that were yet to come, and we will see this again as we go deeper into the book of Revelation.


Revelation 1:4
:

4 John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne . . .

Here, we first read, John to the seven churches which are in Asia. Literally, this meant that the apostle John was writing to the seven literal churches in Asia. But, spiritually, John is a representation of God who is writing to the totality of churches that would ever arise in the world during the Church Age. The number 7 in the Bible symbolizes totality or perfection (see Bible Number 7 ), so the 7 churches represent the perfection or totality of churches. And, since Asia is a type or picture of the world, God is writing to the totality of churches which are in the world, which means He is writing to all the churches that would ever arise in time during the Church Age. So, on an earthly level, John is writing to only the seven literal churches which are in literal Asia in the first century AD. But, on a spiritual or symbolic level, John represents God who is writing to the totality of churches that would ever arise in the world, which means this is a message to all Christian churches that would arise in the world throughout time.

Now, God through John first says to all the Christian churches that would ever arise, Grace be unto you, and peace. That is, may all of God's mercy, forgiveness, loving kindness, and blessings be unto you, and peace with God in that you are no longer an enemy of God who walks in rebellion to His commandments, but you have peace with God in the forgiveness of your sins through Christ, and the gift of a new heart that walks in obedience to His commandments. No longer are you at war with God to do things your way, but you are at peace with God to do things His way according to His Word, Jesus Christ.

Then, we read, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come. This reveals to us that God exists in the present; He existed in the past, and He will exist in the future. In other words, God is eternal without beginning or end. He is, He was, and He is to come because He is eternal. He is not only in the present, but He was in the past, and He will be in the future.

Then, finally, we read, and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne. Since the number 7 in the Bible is symbolic of perfection (see Bible Number 7 ), the seven Spirits are symbolic of the perfection of Spirits, and the perfection of Spirits is the Holy Spirit as only the Holy Spirit could be considered to be perfect in comparison to all other spirits. So, when our verse says, and from the seven Spirits which are before His throne, it is saying, and from the Holy Spirit which is before His throne.


Revelation 1:5
:

5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood . . .

Now, in this verse, God through John continues to write to all the Christian churches which would ever come into being, and He says, And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness. That is, not only is this writing from eternal God and the Holy Spirt which is before God's throne, but it is from Jesus Christ as well, which begs the question, how can this writing be from eternal God, and at the same time, from the Holy Spirit, and Jesus Christ. Well, we know the answer to this: it is because the Holy Spirit and Jesus Christ are eternal God even though they are also two different persons. This is a mystery, but clearly taught in scripture, which you can see by clicking on this link entitled God is a Trinity . Yes, the one eternal God is manifest in three different persons: the Father, the Son, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit. Each of these persons are the same one and only God, but they are three different persons, and how this can be is a mystery that we cannot unravel in this life even though many have tried.

Well, we are next told that these writings are from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness. He is the faithful witness because He brought all His thoughts, words and actions into subjection to the Father God even to the point of dying on the cross for the sins of His people. We read in John 5,

Joh 5:30 I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me .

And, we read in John 8,

Joh 8:28 Then said Jesus unto them, When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am he, and that I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things .

And, again, we read in John 10,

Joh 10:18 No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father .

And, finally, we read in John 12,

Joh 12:49 For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak .

So, Jesus is the faithful witness because he was faithful to the Father God to say and do whatever the Father wanted Him to do and say.

But, not only is Jesus the faithful witness, but we read that He is the first begotten of the dead. Literally, it reads, the first begotten out of the dead. He is also called the first begotten from [out of] the dead in Colossians 1:18 where we read,

Col 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn [first begotten] from [out of] the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence .

But, what does it mean that Christ is the first begotten out of the dead? Well, it means that He is the first human to have risen out of the dead, which He did in 33 AD. Every other saved human will not rise from the dead until the second coming of the Lord on the Last Day. As we read in 1Thessalonians 4, 

15 For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep [physically dead in Christ] .
16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise [rise from the dead] first :
17 Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord

And, again, we read in 1Corinthians 15, 

51 Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep [physically die in Christ], but we shall all be changed ,
52
In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead [physically dead in Christ] shall be raised incorruptible, and we [the ones who remain unto the coming of the Lord] shall be changed .
53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality

So, Jesus was the first of His brethren to have risen from the dead, and the rest will rise from the dead at the second coming of the Lord. 

But, if Jesus is the first to have risen from the dead, and this did not take place until He died and then rose from the dead in 33 AD, then how is it that we see Moses and Elijah as if they were already resurrected out of the dead on the mount of transfiguration before the death and resurrection of Christ ever took place? We read in Mark 9, 

2 And after six days Jesus taketh with him Peter, and James, and John, and leadeth them up into an high mountain apart by themselves: and he was transfigured before them .
3 And his raiment became shining, exceeding white as snow; so as no fuller on earth can white them .
4 And there appeared unto them Elias [Elijah] with Moses: and they were talking with Jesus .
5 And Peter answered and said to Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias .

So, how is it that we see Moses and Elijah as if they were already resurrected out of the dead before Christ was? In response, we must simply say that on the mount of transfiguration, we do not see Moses or Elijah risen in body from the dead, but we see them in spirit as they now appear in heaven before they have been resurrected from the dead. Remember, they won't be resurrected from the dead in body as Christ was until the Last Day or second coming of Christ. So, when we see Elijah and Moses on the mount of transfiguration, we see them in spirit, yes, but we do not see them in their resurrected bodies as the resurrection will not take place until the Last Day upon the coming of Christ (see When is the Rapture? ). 

Now, continuing in our verse, we read that Christ is the prince of the kings of the earth. And, since the word translated as prince can also be translated as chief, we can say that Christ is the chief of the kings of the earth. But, then, who are the kings of the earth? The kings of the earth can refer to all the various rulers of this earth on any and all levels right on down from top levels of the governments to those who rule over smaller groups within a given government, but, spiritually speaking, the kings of the earth can refer to the believers in Jesus Christ, for the Bible declares that [He] has made us [the believers] kings and priests unto God and His Father (Rev. 1:6; 5:10). Furthermore, the believers in Jesus Christ can be divided into those who are saved, and those who are unsaved. So, the kings of the earth can refer to either God's very own elect who are saved, or to those who, although they claim to be believers in Jesus Christ, are not really saved. What we see, then, is three categories for the kings of the earth. First, the kings of the earth can refer to literal kings and rulers in this life such as we see in Acts 4:26-27 (the fulfillment of Ps. 2:2) or in Matthew 17:25. Acts 4:26 reads like this: 

Acts 4:26 The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord, and against his Christ . 27 For of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together . . .

And Matthew 17:25 says,

Mt 17:25 He saith, Yes. And when he was come into the house, Jesus prevented him, saying, What thinkest thou, Simon? of whom do the kings of the earth take custom or tribute? of their own children, or of strangers

Second, the kings of the earth can refer to God's very own elect who are saved since only they can be said to bring their glory into the next life such as we see in Revelation 21:24:

Re 21:24 And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it [the New Jerusalem of the next life ]

Third, the kings of the earth can refer to all those who claim to believe in Jesus Christ, but who are not actually saved. Most of these are now residing in the apostate churches and denominations of our day, but there are also some who came out of the churches when they were commanded to do so between May 21, 1988 and May 21, 2011 as did God's elect; nevertheless, they never did become saved. We see this entire category of the unsaved kings of the earth included in passages such as Revelation 6:15:  

Re 6:15 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains . . .  

This is a picture of the unsaved believers - the kings of the earth - hiding themselves in the churches (the dens) and hiding in false gospels or false Christ's (the rocks of the mountains) during the time of judgment, which is what has been taking place ever since May 21, 2011. Ever since then, the unsaved believers continue to abide in the churches while thinking that they will still be saved (so it is as if they are hiding in there) when the truth is that they are now being spiritually judged and are not being saved.   

Now another passage which refers to this third group of unsaved believers known as the kings of the earth is seen in a verse like Revelation 19:19:    

Re 19:19 And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army .  

Obviously, these kings of the earth in this verse cannot possibly refer to God's elect, but must refer to the unsaved believers, and, or the literal kings of the earth since we are told that they are gathered together to make war against Christ.    

But, now, let's turn back to our verse. It reads, 

5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth .  

We can now come to conclusion as to who the kings of the earth are in our verse. Since our verse says that Christ is the prince or chief ruler over these kings of the earth, we know that these kings of the earth must include the elect because we know that they are ruled over by Christ.  

Well, let's now conclude our study: 


CONCLUSION   

We first found that the apostle John received this Revelation of Jesus Christ so that Christ's servants, His people, would know the things which were to shortly take place. This does not mean that these things had to take place in or near the first century AD when the book of Revelation was written. No, we now know that many of the things that were prophesied to shortly take place in the book of Revelation took place beginning on May 21, 1988, the end of the Church Age, to this very day. That things were to shortly take place meant shortly in comparison to the about 11,000 years which had previously been. And, about 2,000 years after the book of Revelation was written can still be considered a short period of time compared to the whole. 

Then, we learned that the book of Revelation was signified or symbolized unto John by an angel so that we learn upfront just how we are to interpret the book of Revelation, namely that we must seek to understand the symbolism of words and phrases by looking them up everywhere in the Bible to see how God defines them. We cannot just look for the literal meaning according to the culture of the day, but we must see beyond the literal to the spiritual, comparing spiritual things with spiritual, which means comparing scripture with scripture, for the law of God is spiritual. We must take that extra effort to look up words and phrases everywhere in the Bible to see how God defines them by letting the Bible be its own dictionary.   

Then, we learned that those who read, hear, and keep the words of the book of Revelation are blessed. Its not those who just read, hear and keep the words of God once, or a few times, who are blessed, but those who continue to read, hear, and keep the words of God as a lifestyle who are blessed. And, why are they blessed? Well, because the time of judgment and the end of the world are at hand, and by continuing in the Word of God, we are revealing ourselves to be the children of God. And, if we are the children of God, then the fact that judgment and the end of the world is at hand cannot harm us, for we do not come under the judgment of God, but we have eternal life through the faith of Jesus Christ which has been granted to us, and we will have a new heaven and earth in which to dwell forever.    

Now, John writes to the seven churches in Asia, which we found to symbolize God writing to the totality of churches that would ever arise in the world throughout the Church Age. And, God says to these churches, grace to you, and peace. That is, may all of God's mercy, forgiveness, loving kindness, and blessings be unto you, and peace with God in that you are no longer an enemy of God who walks in rebellion to His commandments, but you have peace with God in the forgiveness of your sins through Christ, and the gift of a new heart that walks in obedience to His commandments. No longer are you at war with God to do things your way, but you are at peace with God to do things His way according to His Word, Jesus Christ. 

Then, we learned that God's writings to the totality of all churches came not only from John, but from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before His throne; and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness. Here, we found that him which is, and which was, and which is to come refers to eternal God, and the seven Spirits which are before His throne refers to the Holy Spirit, and Jesus Christ who is the faithful witness refers to the faithfulness of Jesus Christ to the Father in saying and doing everything that the Father desired even to death on a cross. 

Now, finally, not only was Jesus called the faithful witness, but He was called the first begotten from the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. With respect to these things, we found that in being the first begotten from the dead that Jesus was the first human to ever rise from the dead in body. And, in being the prince of the kings of the earth that He is the chief ruler over the elect who are the spiritual kings of the earth.   


Now, to the true elect of Yahweh, may the LORD bless thee, and keep thee: The LORD make his face shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee: The LORD lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace .

1:1-5 
1:5-7 
1:7-9          

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